What you need to know about the Endocrine System

What you need to know about the Endocrine System

The human endocrine system is a combination of organs that produce hormones in the human body. Hormones are means of transport that travels around the body and communicate with cells on what to do. The endocrine system comprises of five glands which are adrenals, parathyroid, pituitary, pancreas, and thyroid. The endocrine system is not the only organ in the human body that secrete hormone. There are other organs in the body that produces hormone an example of such organ is the gut.

 

 

The pituitary is a pea-sized gland which is the primary controlling hub of the body and is located at the root of the brain, and this organ is responsible for the secretion of the significant portion of hormones in the human system. The pituitary gland does not function in isolation, it is controlled or regulated by the hypothalamus. The hypothalamus produces its hormones, and these hormones communicate with the pituitary gland on the duties to perform. In the endocrine system, the pituitary gland is the controlling head of the whole system. The organ is made up of two lopes which are adenohypophysis and neurohypophysis. The adenohypophysis is known as the anterior lope, while the neurohypophysis is called the posterior lobe.

The pituitary gland is in charge of the secretion of the following hormones which include prolactin; this is a hormone that stimulates the mammary gland which produces milk in females. The pituitary gland secretes the hormone that regulates the menstrual cycle, stimulating follicle hormone. Other hormones that are secreted by this gland are thyroid stimulating hormone, growth hormone, and vasopressin. Adrenocorticotropic hormone, oxytocin, and luteinizing hormone are different types of hormone secreted by the gland. These hormones secreted by the pituitary gland which is the central hub of the endocrine system regulates and help in controlling some vital functions of the human system. The anterior lobe of the gland mainly secretes the hormones from the pituitary gland.

The next gland that makes up the endocrine system is the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland helps in the production of energy as well as controls body’s temperature. Contrary to the pituitary gland that secretes many hormones, the thyroid gland secretes just three hormones which are known as Calcitonin, T3, and T4 hormones. The T3 hormones are known as Triiodothyronine while T4 hormone is called Thyroxin. The gland is situated at the anterior section of the neck below the larynx and in front of the trachea. Besides regulating the body’s temperature and production of energy in the human system, the thyroid gland also helps the body to control the levels of blood calcium.

The hypothalamus gland is located close to the pituitary gland and is a part of the brain. Its function in the body is assisting the pituitary gland in controlling other vital organs. It does its duty by the secretion of a hormone that relates to the pituitary gland. Some of the hormones secreted by the hypothalamus include dopamine, thyrotropin-secreting hormones, and somatostatin among others.

The hormones secreted by the pancreas are of two parts, the exocrine and the endocrine parts. The exocrine portion secretes hormones that are responsible for the breakdown of food while the endocrine part secrets the insulin hormone which is responsible for taking sugar to the cells of the body.

 

It’s never too late, before addressing any issue related to your smile, gums, teeth, and other oral or in general health issues, consult with Dr. Jean-Jacques Edderai. A dental prophylaxis or cleaning as previously mentioned including our check-up every three to four months will allow Dr. Edderai to keep a watchful eye on your oral health and prevent cavities or minor problem before they start. For answers to some of the most commonly asked questions, visit my FAQ page at http://www.northmiamibeachdentist.com/faqs/.

 

Remember the best advice from your Dentist “Unaddressed issues will never get resolved by themselves”.

 

Copyright DR. JEAN-JACQUES EDDERAI

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Calcium at all Life’s Stages

Calcium at all Life’s Stages

At every life stage, there is a given amount of calcium that is needed because bones form the living part of the body, and as such, they need to be taken proper care of to help keep the body in shape. Having the right composition of calcium at every stage of life and a healthy balanced diet will help to enhance bone health no matter how old or young. A balanced diet contains the right quantity of calcium and other nutrients, and it is imperative to make sure you get the right amount of calcium at any specific stage of life because it plays a vital role in your daily routine.

 

 

At any stage of life, it is essential to know the amount of calcium that is required, and this is because if the body does not get the needed amount of calcium at a particular time, it will have to get from somewhere in the body, which happens to be from the bone. This action can lead to calcium deficiency which causes bone thinning, weaker teeth and ultimate decay of the teeth at later stages of life. Regrettably, most individuals especially children and adolescents don’t get the right or needed amount of calcium, and this calls for worry because calcium deficiency increases the chance of developing bone fractures as well as osteoporosis.

Having the required proportion of calcium during child’s development supports proper density of the bone. The function of calcium in the body is only for building healthy bones and teeth; however, calcium plays more roles in the body than just the bones and teeth. Calcium is needed for the development of a child’s heart, organs as well as nerves. This is because it aids in the control of contractions of the heart as well as the functioning of the muscles. Calcium also plays a significant role in metabolism and determines the movement of nerves impulse. The function of calcium is also felted in blood clotting.

Proper calcium intake helps in maintaining healthy blood pressure in pregnant women below the age of twenty-five, this is because their bone density is still increasing at this time. Calcium is needed explicitly at this stage of their life because the rate of developing hypertension increases in pregnant women, so taking the right calcium quantity can help to reduce their blood pressure and reduce the chance of experiencing hypertension. After achieving the highest level of bone density, the human bone begins to lose bone density, and all these occur during the later stages of life. The consumption of calcium can minimise this loss of bone mass in the later stages of life. Calcium intake also decreases the chance of developing osteoporosis later in life.

Calcium is among the most abundant minerals in the body, and it is needed at every stage of life. Make sure you maintain the required amount of calcium intake on a daily basis. Working with a nutritionist can be of great help to ascertain the needed amount of calcium.

It’s never too late, before addressing any issue related to your smile, gums, teeth, and other oral or in general health issues, consult with Dr. Jean-Jacques Edderai. A dental prophylaxis or cleaning as previously mentioned including our check-up every three to four months will allow Dr. Edderai to keep a watchful eye on your oral health and prevent cavities or minor problem before they start. For answers to some of the most commonly asked questions, visit my FAQ page at http://www.northmiamibeachdentist.com/faqs/.

Remember the best advice from your Dentist “Unaddressed issues will never get resolved by themselves”.

Copyright DR. JEAN-JACQUES EDDERAI

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