Periodontal disease are the terms used for infections that affect the supporting and surrounding structures of the teeth.
The initial stage, gingivitis, affects the gums (or gingival) which is the soft outer surrounding structure of the teeth. The more advanced stage, periodontitis, usually following from gingivitis, advances to the hard tissues such as bone, and sometimes the root portion of the tooth. The degree of bone deterioration may be classified as MILD, MODERATE or ADVANCED. The accumulation of bacteria causes local consequences that may be manifest from loose teeth, and/or periodontal pockets (open space between the gums and teeth).
Periodontal disease should be viewed as a systemic problem because oral bacteria do not stay in the mouth! It travels with our saliva through our digestive track to later infiltrate any major organ of our body such as the brain, lungs, liver, kidneys, spleen… etc. The causes of periodontitis typically include poor home care, (a result from the abandonment of regular visits to the dentist), poor nutrition, compromised immunities and hormonal imbalances in females such as pregnancy or menopause. According to the world health organization 80% of adults in America suffer from periodontal disease. The disorder may also indicate a serious underlying condition, such as diabetes, anemia, vitamin deficiency disorders and collagen irregularities. Patients suffering from toxic immune disorder (AIDS) often suffer gum disease problems which progress rapidly if not attended by your dentist.
Periodontitis: A long-term buildup of plaque and tartar between the teeth and gums will cause pockets to develop allowing the propagation of bacteria in an anaerobic and acidic (low PH) environment, which promotes their rapid growth. Remember, Bacteria can only live and reproduce under an low PH environment, because acid destroys all matter. Ultimately, jaw bone loss will result in loose teeth and eventually, the lost of the affected tooth. The progress of Periodontal disease depends on a number of factors, including the condition of the patient’s immune system, frequency of dental care, brushing and flossing, and whether the individual has an underlying disorder which often promotes the condition, such as those with diabetes mellitus, Crohn’s disease, AIDS, or a lack of red blood cells. Patients with acidosis problems may also develop periondontitis, as will those whose diet contains a high degree of acidity.
Bacteria have long been blamed for causing periodontal disease, and yet each of us has bacteria in our mouth. It needs to be maintained at a certain neutral level (pH 7). It cannot be left alone. Regular (3 to 4 times a year) visits to the dentist and hygienist (for your oral prophylaxis), are essential. Other deciding factors of poor or healthy teeth revolve around the lifestyle, diet, and the condition of the patient’s internal environment and immune system.
A thoughtful systemic approach to periodontal disease will provide the best results. It may be wise to consult an Endocrinologist, who is well versed in periodontal disease. They also specialize in diets that may help you start and guide you through the detoxification of your system.