Our third molars are referred to as our Wisdom Teeth. Located at the very back end of your set lined up teeth, wisdom teeth are usually the last to develop, usually during the ages of 15 to 30 years. And since they have been traditionally associated with this age to describe the onset of maturity and the attainment of “wisdom”, they have been termed as Wisdom teeth and are believed to be “evolutionary relics” that helped our ancestors who ate diets of rougher foods like sticks and plants. As teeth wore down or fell out, wisdom teeth provided replacements. With today’s advancements in dentistry and oral hygiene, we don’t really need replacement teeth.
Hence, most dentists and Maxillofacial surgeons recommend that we extract out wisdom teeth before they can cause us any problems because of their alignment. The most common symptom of wisdom teeth is pain at the back of the mouth, right behind the molars that could sometimes reflect pain to your jaw, neck and temporal region. This pain gradually increases, due to the tooth growing sideways away from the rest of the surrounding molars they get in the way and the misalignment compresses the bone and adjoining nerves.
The area becomes very sensitive and swells with a reddish color and the pain could become importunate . You should relate this information to your dentist immediately as it’s possible to experience wisdom teeth symptoms. During the natural growing process the tooth cuts through the surface of the gum, it results in open (gingiva) tissue. This allows bacteria to make its way in to the opening causing a localized infection. Sometimes, the pain of the infection-inflamation is so severe, that it could have an overall effect on your general health as well.
At other times, the wisdom tooth can be blocked from coming out due to restricted space caused by the jaw bone dimension and the neighboring teeth. This is called an impacted tooth. And while the tooth cannot come out, the roots, however, will continue to elongate if the growing process hasn’t finished. The longer the tooth remains inside, the more prolonged the process will be and consequently more pain will be experienced.
Remember that fetid breath, bad taste upon chewing food, redness and swelling are all associated with an infection. So if you are experiencing some pain at the back of your mouth where the wisdom teeth would be, consult a dentist immediately. If it is indeed your wisdom tooth that is troubling you, your dentists will get it extracted either under local or general anesthesia. Make sure to discuss any complications before the procedure.
If your wisdom teeth have already erupted, they can be easily removed if space in your jaw will be an issue; impacted teeth on the other hand can be a little more complicated. The procedure requires an incision to be made in the gum and sometimes the removal of the covering bone. Only then can this tooth be removed.
Wisdom teeth extraction is a common procedure and is likely the best solution to relieve your symptoms.
Copyright Dr.Jean-Jacques Edderai