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Dietary Fibre – For Diabetes, Heart and General Health

Dietary Fibre – For Diabetes, Heart and General Health

Dietary fibre is the part of a plant that the body cannot absorb or digest. They are also called roughage. They are not like other food components that the body can absorb, instead, when we take fibre, it passes through the stomach, small intestine, and colon straight out of the body. There are two types of fibre, soluble and insoluble fibre. The soluble fibre is the type of fibre that dissolves in water while the insoluble fibre does not dissolve in water. The soluble type of fibres dissolves in water to form a material like gel, and they help in lowering glucose level in the body as well as blood cholesterol level.

The foods that soluble fibre can be found include apples, carrots, oats, psyllium, beans, barley, peas, fruits, and citrus. The function of the insoluble type of fibre includes promoting the movement of materials via the digestive system and helps individual’s that are battling with constipation by increasing stool bulk. The sources of insoluble fibre include vegetables, beans, whole wheat flour, nuts and wheat bran. Though they are not digested by the body, consuming dietary fibre is beneficial to the human body in so many ways.

One of the ways that fibre benefits the body is by normalising the movement of the bowel by increasing the weight and size of the stool we pass out, hence also helping in maintaining a healthy bowel. Fibres contribute to decreasing the cholesterol level of the body. They contribute to decreasing the blood cholesterol level by lowering the low-density lipoprotein, and they also have so many other benefits related to the heart such as reducing inflammation as well as blood pressure.

In individuals with diabetes, soluble fibre has been found to slow the absorption of sugar and assist the blood sugar level, while the insoluble fibre reduces the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Foods that are rich in fibre tend to occupy the stomach more than fewer fibre foods, which means it reduces the quantity of food that we consume, therefore, helps in maintaining a healthy weight. Meals with a high composition of fibre possess a lower amount of calories compared to its low composition meals, which also is a gain towards maintaining a healthy weight.

A fibre rich diet especially the insoluble type gotten from cereals can minimise the risk for type 2 diabetes. Diets rich in a high-fibre meal are linked to a reduced risk for other common digestive system cancers, including pharynx, mouth, and stomach. Fibre, particularly soluble fibre, is a significant part of any healthy heart diet. A high fibre consumption can reduce your risk for metabolic syndrome, a group of risk factors linked to coronary heart disease, diabetes, and stroke. Eating a diet high in fibre improve cholesterol levels by reducing LDL (bad) cholesterol.

It’s never too late, before addressing any issue related to your smile, gums, teeth, and other oral or in general health issues, consult with Dr. Jean-Jacques Edderai. A dental prophylaxis or cleaning as previously mentioned including our check-up every three to four months will allow Dr. Edderai to keep a watchful eye on your oral health and prevent cavities or minor problem before they start. For answers to some of the most commonly asked questions, visit my FAQ page at


Remember the best advice from your Dentist “Unaddressed issues will never get resolved by themselves”.


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